Earlier automobile engine development produced a much larger range of engines than is in common use today. Engines have ranged from 1- to 16-cylinder designs with corresponding differences in overall size, weight, engine displacement, and cylinder bores. Four cylinders and power ratings from 19 to 120 hp (14 to 90 kW) were followed in a majority of the models. Several three-cylinder, two-stroke-cycle models were built while most engines had straight or in-line cylinders. There were several V-type models and horizontally opposed two- and four-cylinder makes too. Overhead camshafts were frequently employed. The smaller engines were commonly air-cooled and located at the rear of the vehicle; compression ratios were relatively low. The 1970s and 1980s saw an increased interest in improved fuel economy, which caused a return to smaller V-6 and four-cylinder layouts, with as many as five valves per cylinder to improve efficiency. The Bugatti Veyron 16.4 operates with a W16 engine, meaning that two V8 cylinder layouts are positioned next to each other to create the W shape sharing the same crankshaft.
The largest internal combustion engine ever built is the Wärtsilä-Sulzer RTA96-C, a 14-cylinder, 2-stroke turbocharged diesel engine that was designed to power the Emma M?rsk, the largest container ship in the world. This engine weighs 2,300 tons, and when running at 102 RPM produces 109,000 bhp (80,080 kW) consuming some 13.7 tons of fuel each hour.
Service and maintenance - is it necessary?
Service and maintenance is sometimes the best way to avoid any defects and malfunctions that may occur when you least expect. Regular technical inspections, temporary repairs, small fixes - all of this together ensures us that our car will be smooth and will serve us well for a long time. Every vehicle owner should be very serious about such issues, because often they are able to protect themselves against higher costs and dangers that entails faulty car. You should also know that periodic technical inspection is a legal obligation of the holder of the car, and the avoidance of risk of legal consequences.
How to prepare the car for a long journey?
Many people have a profession that requires long travel. Often die out as a means of transport in such a situation the car - it allows to reach on time to the customer and, of course, leaves a certain freedom, because you can always stop when you just feel tired. However, business travel has come into effect and does not cause any delay is necessary to the proper preparation of the car. If you are on the road a fault occurs, it will be difficult to find a mechanic, and thus lose valuable time. Regular service cars, and most of all to verify its efficiency during long routes is therefore a necessity.